Shakuhachi



「修行尺八」歴史的証拠の研究   ホームページ
      'Shugyō Shakuhachi' rekishi-teki shōko no kenkyū hōmupēji - zen-shakuhachi.dk

The "Ascetic Shakuhachi" Historical Evidence Research Web Pages

Introduction & Guide to the Documentation & Critical Study of Ascetic, Non-Dualistic Shakuhachi Culture, East & West:
Historical Chronology, Philology, Etymology, Vocabulary, Terminology, Concepts, Ideology, Iconology & Practices

By Torsten Mukuteki Olafsson • トーステン 無穴笛 オーラフソンデンマーク • Denmark

 



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Main Menu Items List - Site Map
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Introduction / Front Page / Home

Main Menu Items List - Site Map:
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New Web Pages and Web Page Updates


T.O. Profile / Bio / CV

About this Research Project

Previous Realizations & Conclusions





Highlighted updated webpages as of February 26, 2022:

1890-1950: The Remarkably Differing Narratives
     about the Kyōto Myōan-ji, the "Myōan Society" and the
     'Taizan-ha' Tradition of 'Suizen' Shakuhachi Practice


1950s: A Modern 'Komusō' 'Suizen' 'Takuhatsu' Credo

1974 ...: Untruthful 'Suizen' & "Shakuhachi Meditation"
     Information & Assertions, East & West
     - Presented in Western Languages


1977 & 1978: The Legacy of the Late Myōan Taizan-ha
     'Suizen' Teachers Yoshimura Fuan Sōshin
     & Ozawa Zetsugai Seizan


To be - or not to be: a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?

1974: The Year of the End of 'Shakuhachi Suizen'
     - When the Term 'Suizen' was Kidnapped, Hi-jacked,
     and Degraded into Mere "New Age", "Healing",
     "Holism", and "Mindfulness" Meaninglessness


1950s ... : The Origin of 'Suizen' at Kyōto Myōan-ji:
     Kobayashi Shizan, Tomimori Kyozan,
     Tanikita Muchiku, Yasuda Tenzan,
     Hirazumi Taizan, Koizumi Ryōan,
     Fukumoto Kyoan, Yoshimura Sōshin a.o.


1705: The Kōkoku Temple Ordination Platform
     and Kyōto Myōan-ji's Fake "Chief Monks" -
     In the Words of Makihara Ichiro, August 10, 2007

1852: Kyōto Myōan-ji's 32nd 'Kansu' Rodō Genkyō's
     Commandments Regarding 'Komusō' Begging Practice
     and 'Sui-teki shugyō' - and the Possible Origin
     of the Now so Very Misused Term 'Suizen'?


1861 ... : Shakuhachi, Fuke & 'Komusō' Narratives
     Authored and Published in Western Languages


1630 at the latest: Iwasa Matabei's Famous Painting of
     Two 'Fuke-Komosō' With Swords & An Umbrella Maker





The Chinese Ch'an Monk P'u-k'o, the Komosō Beggars
     & the Imperialistic Catholic Christian Intruders
     - the Rōnin Samurai, the 'Fuke-Komosō', the 'Komusō'
     & the Kyōto Myōan Temple - an Unbiased Narrative


The Amazing Fuke Zenji / Fuke Shakuhachi /
     Fuke-shū Legend Fabrication Hoax



Highlighted Illustrations


1549 ... The Catholic Christian Century in Japan
     & the Temple Patron Household System


Ascetic Shakuhachi Ideology
     and the Realization of The Non-Dual
     - Highlighted Quotations


Chronology of Ascetic Shakuhachi
     Ideology-related Terms, Concepts & Names



Various Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends

Wikipedia: Inaccuracies & Misunderstandings
     about 'Komusō', 'Fuke-shū', 'Suizen' et cetera


A Critical Look at the European Shakuhachi Society's
     Official Online "History And Origins"
     and "Glossary" Web Pages


The Source Collections

The Japanese Written Sources - An Overview





Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
     A Chronological Panorama



INDIA - 1 web page:

 •  INDIA: 2600 BCE - 800 CE

CHINA - 2 web pages:

 •  CHINA 1: 6000 BCE - 500 CE

 •  CHINA 2: 500 CE ...

JAPAN - 8 web pages:

 •  JAPAN 1: 600 - 1233

 •  JAPAN 2: 1233 - 1477

 •  JAPAN 3: 1477 - 1560

 •  JAPAN 4: 1560 - 1614

 •  JAPAN 5: 1614 - 1664

 •  JAPAN 6: 1664 - 1767

 •  JAPAN 7: 1767 - 1883

 •  JAPAN 8: 1883 ...

The WEST - 1 web page:

 •  The WEST: 1288 ...






Research Cases of Particular Significance,
     Real Importance & Special Concern


The ANCIENT CHINESE 'SHAKUHACHI'


c. 630: Did the Imperial Music Master
     Lü Ts'ai really Invent "the Chinese shakuhachi"?



ERA of Mythical Pre-KOMOSŌ
     "Buddhist" Shakuhachi Players

     c. 600 to c. 1480



c. 600 to c. 1450: The Fanciful Fully Fabricated Fairytales
     about Prince Shōtoku, Ennin, Kakua, the Kojidan "Blind
     Monks", Shinchi Kakushin/Hottō Kokushi, Fuke & Chō San,
     the Four Chinese Buddhist Laymen, Kichiku/Kyochiku,
     Myōfu, Kusunoki Masakatsu, the 'Boroboro',
     Rōan & Rakuami


c. 600 to c. 1480: Pre-Komosō Non-Duality
     The Non-Dualism of Huineng, Shih-t'ou, P'u-k'o, Dōgen,
     Ming-chi, Ikkyū, Rōan & Rakuami






ERA of the KOMOSŌ - The "Mat Monks"

     ca. 1450 to ca. 1550



1470s?: The Dance-kyōgen Play Rakuami

1474: Tōyō Eichō and Ikkyū Sōjun at the
     Inauguration of the Rebuilt Daitoku Temple, Kyōto


1486: The Ōuchi Clan's Ban
     on Komosō, Jugglers & Monkey Keepers


1494 & 1501: Two Enchanting Muromachi Period
     Poetry Contest Picture Scrolls


1512: The Taigenshō Court Music Treatise






ERA of the FUKE-SŌ / FUKE-KOMOSŌ

     ca. 1550 to ca. 1628?



The Komosō & Fuke-sō / Fuke-komosō Sources


1550-1560: Fuke and the Early Setsuyō-shū Dictionaries

1571: The Term 'Komosō shakuhachi' appears
     in Top-ranking Imperial Court Minister
     Yamashina Tokitsugu's Diary "Tokitsugu's Chronicle"



1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū Short Story Book:
     The Fuke-komosō in Hachiō-ji, West of Edo City


1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū Short Story Book:
     A Story about a Fuke-komosō and his Mother


1621-1625: The Neo-Confucian Scholar Hayashi Razan
     on the Shakuhachi, Komosō and Related Matters


1623: Anrakuan Sakuden's Encounter
     with a Wandering Fuke-komosō


1628: The Kaidō honsoku Fuke-komosō Credo






ERA of the KOMUSŌ
     "Pseudo-Monks of the Non-Dual & None-ness"

     ca. 1628? to 1871



The Early 'Komusō'-related Texts
     - from ca. 1628? to ca. 1750



1628?: A "Fuke Shakuhachi" related Murder Case
     in the Province of Tosa on the Island of Shikoku?


1637-1640: The Shimabara Uprising on Kyūshū,
     the National "Sects Inspection Bureau", and the
     Efficient Extinction of Catholic Christian Believers


ca. 1640?: The Kaidō honsoku "Version 2" Copy

1640?: Was a Very Early "Komusō Temple" built
     in Nagasaki on the Island of Kyūshū?


ca. 1640?: The Strange Butsu-gen 'Komusō' Document

1640-1646: Abbot Isshi Bunshu's Letter to Sandō Mugetsu
     - the 1981 Kowata Suigetsu Version of the Text


1646 at the latest: Abbot Isshi Bunshu's Letter to a
     "Proto-Komusō" named Sandō Mugetsu


1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi / Kakushin Legend:
     "The Four Buddhist Laymen" & the "disciple" 'Kichiku'


1649: Hiroshima Fief Authorities Issue Regulation
     to Control 'Komosō' and Other Claimed "Troublemakers"


1650s?: The Kaidō honsoku "Version 3" Copy

1653 to 1687: The Shōgunate Takes Legislative Measures
     to Regulate & Control Society Including All Social Groups
     Namely: Warrior/Samurai, Farmer, Craftsman, Merchant,
     Religious, Imperial - and, not least: "Outcast"


1657: 'Tōzoku-jin sansaku jōjō' - A Government Directive
     to Investigate 'Komusō' and Other "Outlaws"



The Kyōto/Kansai Sources


1659?: A Falsely Dated Myōan-ji Document Revealed

1664: The Shichiku shoshinshū Music Treatise

ca. 1665-1675?: The Kyotaku denki Fairy Tale:
     Shinchi Kakushin, Kichiku & Kyōto Myōan-ji


ca. 1665-1675?: The Kyotaku denki Original Text, 1795/1981
     edition, the Kyotaku denki kokujikai Illustrations,
     and Tsuge Gen'ichi's 1977 Translation



The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources


1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji 'Komusō' Set of Rules


1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month Komusō-ha Oboe
     Bakufu Memorandum of January 11th, 1678


1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji 'Komusō' Set of Rules



ca. 1685-1690: The Yōshū fu-shi
     & Jinrin kinmō zu-i - Evidence of Kyōto Myōan-ji


1694: Myōan-ji Founder Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Rules for his 'Komusō' Disciples


1703 & 1705: The Kyōto Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji & Myōshin-ji Interrelationship


1705: The Kōkoku Temple Ordination Platform
     and Kyōto Myōan-ji's Fake "Chief Monks" -
     In the Words of Makihara Ichiro, August 10, 2007


1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month,
     Reihō-ji 'Komusō' Memorandum


1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month, Ichigetsu-ji
     & Reihō-ji 'Komusō' Memorandum



1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
     and Early 'Honkyoku' History



1735: Kyōto Myōan-ji Temple Chief Administrator
     Kandō Ichiyū's Letter about 'Sankyorei-fu',
     the "Three Non-Dual Spirit Music Pieces"



1748: Chikamatsu's Play Kanadehon Chūshingura
     and the Komusō Shakuhachi Piece 'Tsuru no sugomori'


1751: The Keichō 19/1614 'Komusō' Certificate
     The Many Different All Fabricated Versions



1752: Kyōto Myōan-ji Founder Engetsu
     Ryōgen's 23 Fixed Rules for the 'Komusō'


1779-1784: Isaac Titsingh's Account of a Pure Land Sect
     Funeral with Entertaining 'Yamabushi' and 'Komusō'



1795: The Kyotaku denki kokujikai Source Book

1795: The Kyotaku denki Original Text, 1795/1981
     edition, the Kyotaku denki kokujikai Illustrations,
     and Tsuge Gen'ichi's 1977 Translation



1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki Book

1819: The Ranzan City Society for the Study of
     Old Documents: Keichō no okitegaki, Enpō 5 Oboe,
     Okite & Shakuhachi kyoku-moku


1819, 1st Month: The Ranzan Old Documents Study Society
     Presents List of 18+17 Shakuhachi Music Pieces
     of the Early Kinko Shakuhachi Tradition


1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō's Hitori mondō a.o. texts

1871: Map of 26 "'Suizen' Temples" compiled by Steve Weiss
     - "approved by Kurahashi Kōdō II", 2005

1871: Edo Period 'Komusō' Bath House Temples
     ... and Bamboo Tea Whisk Making ...
     Did the Meiji Government's November 30th Ban
     on the so called "Fuke Sect" also Put a Sudden Stop
     to a Thriving 'Komusō' Bath House Temple Business?







Post-Edo & Post-WW2 Period History Sources & Matters
     The Re-Writing & Re-Falsification
     of "Fuke Shakuhachi" Narratives



1 - MEIJI PERIOD till the mid-20th CENTURY

     1868-1945



1872-1878 (1843-44): The Komusō zakki
     Source Collection



From 1879 ... 1896-1914:
     The Koji ruien Historical Encyclopedia


1880-1899: Tokugawa kinreikō - A Source Collection
     of Tokugawa Period Laws & Regulations



1890: Higuchi Taizan - Teaching, the "Myōan Society",
     and the Taizan-ha Tradition of Shakuhachi Asceticism


1890-1950: The Remarkably Differing Narratives
     about the Kyōto Myōan-ji, the "Myōan Society" and the
     'Taizan-ha' Tradition of 'Suizen' Shakuhachi Practice


Early to mid-20th Century Research Pioneers,
     Author Musicians, Editors & Publishers, Japan:
     Mikami Sanji, Kurihara Kōta, Uramoto Setchō,
     Nakatsuka Chikuzen, Mori Hikotarō, Tanikita Muchiku,
     Nishimura Kokū, Takahashi Kūzan, Tomimori Kyozan,
     Ikeda Juzan a.o.


1902: Mikami Sanji's Critical Article
     'Fuke-shū ni tsuite', "About the Fuke Sect"



1931-1932: Tokugawa kinreikō - A Source Collection
     of Tokugawa Period Laws & Regulations







2 - POST-WW2 till TODAY: JAPAN

     1945 ...



1950s ... : The Origin of 'Suizen' at Kyōto Myōan-ji:
     Kobayashi Shizan, Tomimori Kyozan,
     Tanikita Muchiku, Yasuda Tenzan,
     Hirazumi Taizan, Koizumi Ryōan,
     Fukumoto Kyoan, Yoshimura Sōshin a.o.


1950s: A Modern 'Komusō' 'Suizen' 'Takuhatsu' Credo

1960: Uramoto Setchō's Essay about
     'Gyō no ongaku': "Music of Asceticism"


1974: The Year of the End of 'Shakuhachi Suizen'
     - When the Term 'Suizen' was Kidnapped, Hi-jacked,
     and Degraded into Mere "New Age", "Healing",
     "Holism", and "Mindfulness" Meaninglessness


1974 ...: Untruthful 'Suizen' & "Shakuhachi Meditation"
     Information & Assertions, East & West
     - Presented in Western Languages, Primarily



Shakuhachi Historianship in Japan Today?:
     The "Traditionalists" and the "Truth Tellers"



1977 & 1978: The Legacy of the Late Myōan Taizan-ha
     'Suizen' Teachers Yoshimura Fuan Sōshin
     & Ozawa Zetsugai Seizan







3 - POST-WW2 till TODAY: The WEST

     1945 ...



1945 ... : Some Early Post-WW2 Shakuhachi Narratives
     Written and Published in Western Languages


Translations of Shakuhachi Source Texts
     published in the West / Outside of Japan
     including the Internet / WWW
      - The Translators







Literature in Western Languages

Literature in Eastern Languages

Links

T.O. Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info

Disclaimer




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