禅尺八 真理研究 ホームページ

The Zen Shakuhachi Truth Research Web Pages

Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi History & Ideology in Particular

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛オーラフソン トーステンデンマーク • Denmark



About this Research Project

Realizations & Conclusions

Highlighted Pictures

Highlighted Quotations

Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
     A Chronological Panorama:

 •  India

 •  China

 •  Japan

 •  The West

To be - or not to be:
     a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?

Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends

The Source Collections

The Written Sources

1470?: The Kyōgen Play Rakuami

1505: Kōrin's Shakuhachi Essay

1512: The Taigenshō Music Treatise

The Komosō & Fuke-komosō Sources

1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Evidence

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis

1640s?: The Butsu-gen Evidence

1646: Isshi Bunshu's Letter
     to the Komusō Sandō Mugetsu

1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi Legend

The Early Komusō Texts

The Kyōto/Kansai Sources

The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources

1664: Shichiku shoshinshū

1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance

1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month
     Komusō-ha Oboe Memorandum

1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance

1694: Engetsu's Honsoku deshi ...

c. 1700?: The Kyotaku Denki myth

1703 & 1705: The Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji Interrelationship

1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Memorandum

1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month
     Ichigetsu-ji & Reihō-ji Memorandum

1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
     and early 'honkyoku' history

1735: Myōan-ji's Kyorei-zan engi ...

1751: Keichō no okitegaki -
     Existing Reprint Versions

1752: Myōan Temple Restorer Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Fixed Rules for the House

1770: The Kurozawa Kinko Honkyoku Collection

1795: Kyotaku denki kokujikai

1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki

1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō's Hitori mondō



Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info

The Early Komusō Texts - from c. 1640 to c. 1752

To be presented in rather more detail and commented further ...

The Old Capital: Kansai/Kyōto Area Related Texts:

          The New Capital: Kantō/Edo/Tōkyō Area Related Texts:

Datable texts:

Possibly created during the 1640s?:
Butsu-gen / Hotoke-goto(ba), "Buddha Words", or: "Buddhist Sayings".
The "Fuke Sect", Fuke-shū, 普化宗, is not mentioned in the document.

          1646: Letter from the Rinzai Zen Abbot Isshi Bunshu/Monju
          (1608-1646) to a komusō named Sandō Mugetsu (no dates).
          The appellation Fuke-shū, 普化宗, is not
          mentioned in the letter.

1664: Music treatise about "strings & bamboo" by Nakamura Sōsan, Kyōto.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned in the treatise.

          1677 (Enpō 5, 6th month): Reihō-ji document of order rules
          with 17 paragraphs.
          Fuke-shū is not mentioned in these order rules.

          1678, January 11 (Enpō 5, 12th month, 18th day): "Memorandum"
          with 3 paragraphs, apparently issued by the so called
          Jisha-bugyō, the shōgun's governmental Temples & Shrines
          Magistrates,addressed to Komusō shoha, 虚無僧諸派,
          "The Various Komusō Factions".
          Fuke-shū is not mentioned in this memorandum.

          1687: Reihō-ji 11 paragraph document: Document is signed
          Fuke Zen-shū sō-honji Reihō-ji. 普化禅宗 惣本寺 鈴法寺,
          "Reihō-ji, Mother Temple of The Entire Fuke Zen Sect".

1694: Myōan-ji document, the oldest reliable known.
Signed Komusō honji, 虚無僧本寺 京都虚霊山 明暗寺, Komusō
mother temple, Kyōto Kyorei-zan, Myōan-ji.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

1703 & 1705: Two formal documents regarding and confirming the Myōan-ji c/o Kōkoku-ji "mother-child" temple relationship.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

          1722: Reihō-ji ordinance.
          Fuke shūmon, 普化禅宗, is mentioned in the very first paragraph
          in the available reprint version.

          1731: Reihō-ji ordinance.
          Fuke shūmon is mentioned in the very first paragraph.

Probably created no later than a. 1700?:

Kyotaku denki, "Recorded Tradition of the Imitated Bell"
(in Kyotaku denki kokujikai, Kyōto, 1795).
Fuke-shū is not mentioned in the Kyotaku denki itself.

1735: Kyorei-zan engi narabi ni sankyorei-fu ben.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

1752 (not 1659!): A Myōan-ji document with 23 paragraphs.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

So far Undatable Text (as of March. 2017):
          As late as 1740? (acc. to Yamato Hōmei).
          Keichō no okitegaki (as late as 1740, or, in 1792?).
          Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

To the front page To the top