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The Zen Shakuhachi Truth Research Web Pages

Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi History & Ideology in Particular

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛オーラフソン トーステンデンマーク • Denmark



About this Research Project

Realizations & Conclusions

Highlighted Pictures

Highlighted Quotations

Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
     A Chronological Panorama:

 •  India

 •  China

 •  Japan

 •  The West

To be - or not to be:
     a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?

Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends

The Source Collections

The Written Sources

1470?: The Kyōgen Play Rakuami

1505: Kōrin's Shakuhachi Essay

1512: The Taigenshō Music Treatise

The Komosō & Fuke-komosō Sources

1614: The Keichō kenmon-shū

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Evidence

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis

1640s?: The Butsu-gen Evidence

1646: Isshi Bunshu's Letter
     to the Komusō Sandō Mugetsu

1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi Legend

The Early Komusō Texts

The Kyōto/Kansai Sources

The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources

1664: Shichiku shoshinshū

1677: The Enpō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance

1678: The Enpō 5, 12th Month
     Komusō-ha Oboe Memorandum

1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance

1694: Engetsu's Honsoku deshi ...

c. 1700?: The Kyotaku Denki myth

1703 & 1705: The Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji Interrelationship

1722: The Kyōhō 7, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Memorandum

1730: The Kyōhō 15, 7th Month
     Ichigetsu-ji & Reihō-ji Memorandum

1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki
     and early 'honkyoku' history

1735: Myōan-ji's Kyorei-zan engi ...

1751: Keichō no okitegaki -
     Existing Reprint Versions

1752: Myōan Temple Restorer Engetsu Ryōgen's
     23 Fixed Rules for the House

1770: The Kurozawa Kinko Honkyoku Collection

1795: Kyotaku denki kokujikai

1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki

1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō's Hitori mondō



Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info

The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources

To be presented in rather more detail and commented further ...

Datable texts:

1646: Letter from the Rinzai Zen Abbot Isshi Bunshu/Monju (1608-1646)
to a komusō named Sandō Mugetsu (no dates).
The appellation Fuke-shū, 普化宗, is not at all mentioned in the letter.

1677 (Empō 5, 6th month): Reihō-ji document of order rules with 17 paragraphs.
Fuke-shū is not mentioned in these order rules.

1678, January 11 (Empō 5, 12th month, 18th day): "Memorandum" with 3 paragraphs, apparently issued by the so called Jisha-bugyō, the shōgun's governmental
Temples & Shrines Magistrates, addressed to Komusō shoha, 虚無僧諸派,
"The Various Komusō Factions".
Fuke-shū is not mentioned in this memorandum.

1687: Reihō-ji 11 paragraph document: Document is signed
Fuke Zen-shū sō-honji Reihō-ji. 普化禅宗 惣本寺 鈴法寺,
"Reihō-ji, Mother Temple of The Entire Fuke Zen Sect".

1722: Reihō-ji ordinance.
Fuke shūmon, 普化禅宗, is mentioned in the very first paragraph
in the available reprint version.

1731: Reihō-ji ordinance.
Fuke shūmon is mentioned in the very first paragraph.

So far Undatable Text (as of March. 2017):

As late as 1740? (acc. to Yamato Hōmei).
Keichō no okitegaki (as late as 1740, or, in 1792?).
Fuke-shū is not mentioned.

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