Shakuhachi



禅尺八 真理研究 ホームページ

The Zen Shakuhachi Truth Research Web Pages

Introduction & Critical Guide to the Study of Early Ascetic Shakuhachi History & Ideology in Particular

Torsten Olafsson • 無穴笛オーラフソン トーステンデンマーク • Denmark

 



Introduction

About this Research Project

Realizations & Conclusions

Highlighted Pictures

Highlighted Quotations

Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
A Chronological Overview:

 •  India
 •  China
 •  Japan
 •  The West

To be - or not to be:
     a "Zen Buddhist Priest"?


Errors, Misconceptions & Loose Ends

The Source Collections

The Written Sources

1470?: The Kyōgen Play Rakuami

1505: Kōrin's Shakuhachi Essay

1512: The Taigenshō Music Treatise

The Komosō & Fuke-komosō Sources

1614: The Keichō kemmon-shū

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Evidence

1628: The Kaidō Honsoku Thesis

1640s?: The Hotoke-gotoba Evidence

1646: Isshi Bunshu's Letter
     to the Komusō Sandō Mugetsu


1646 ... The Hottō Kokushi Legend

The Early Komusō Texts

The Kyōto/Kansai Sources

The Edo/Kantō/Tōkyō Sources

1664: Shichiku shoshinshū

1677: The Empō 5, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance


1678: The Empō 5, 12th Month
     Komusō-ha Oboe Memorandum


1687: The Jōkyō 4, 6th Month
     Reihō-ji Ordinance


1694: Engetsu's Honsoku deshi ...

1703 & 1705: The Myōan-ji
     c/o Kōkoku-ji Interrelationship


1732: The Shakuhachi denrai-ki

1735: Myōan-ji's Kyorei-zan engi ...

1740?: Keichō no okitegaki -
     Existing Reprint Versions


1795: Kyotaku denki kokujikai

1816: Miyaji Ikkan's Shakuhachi hikki

1823: Hisamatsu Fūyō's Hitori mondō

1848: Bakufu Government Decree
     re-administrating the "Fuke Sect"


1871: Bakufu Government Decree
     bans & dissolves the "Fuke Sect"


1890 ... The Legacy of Higuchi Taizan

1930s: Uramoto Setchō Credo

1970s: Myōan Taizan-ha Thought & Credos

Honkyoku Music History
     Ascetic Shakuhachi Titles


Miyagawa Nyozan's Honkyoku 'Ajikan'

Myōan Taizan-ha Notation

Literature

Links

Profile / Bio / CV

Contact Info


Introduction

Verifying the Secrets of Ascetic Shakuhachi Traditions & Practices:

'Ubasoku shakuhachi' - 'Hijiri shakuhachi' - 'Komosō shakuhachi' -
'Fuke-sō shakuhachi' - 'Koji shakuhachi' - 'Komusō shakuhachi' -
'Suizen (shakuhachi)' - 'Fuke shakuhachi' - 'Gyō no (shakuhachi) ongaku' -
'Zen shakuhachi' - 'Shakuhachi Zen' - 'Take shugyō' ... ?

Who were the komusō, 虚無僧, the "Monks of Non-Duality *) & Noone-ness" **) and their predecessors, their "forerunners", the komosō, 薦僧, the so called "Mat Monks"?
     ( *) or, Non-Substantiality - **) or, Egolessness)


What do the many surviving written Japanese source documents and plentiful pictorial evidence de facto clarify to us about early "Komusō Shakuhachi"
and "Zen Shakuhachi" history and ideology - in particular?

That is what these "Zen Shakuhachi Truth Research Web Pages" are all about.

Please enjoy All the Best

Torsten 無穴笛 Olafsson - Helsingör/Elsinore, North Sealand, Denmark - March 2017


Latest Update status as of March 26, 2017

A major update and upgrading process of this shakuhachi research website is now taking place.

Many new necessary web pages have been prepared and added together with a much expanded and reedited main menu and a slightly enlarged web page layout.

Some of the new web pages are so far still more or less "empty", but the planned contents and information is ready for future display and shall be presented properly the very soonest possible, during the course of the coming Spring of 2017.

The new material - texts, references, interpretations, comments and possible conclusions - is planned and intended to be added and uploaded more or less in accordance with and along the chronological order presented in the new main menu.

Do note that some of the texts for which new individual web pages have been created are already being preliminarily introduced in the section

Texts, Quotations & Illustrations
A Chronological Overview

On the new web pages those texts in classical Japanese and kambun, resp., will be presented in full documentation with relevant and appropriate comments.

I do apologize in case something might initially "go wrong", if only temporarily, that is ...

All the best - Torsten Olafsson - March 26, 2017


Most Recent Previous Update

You are now welcome to study a full English translation of the mysterious komusō document commonly referred to as the "Empō 5 Edict", dated January 11, 1678 - certainly not 1677-12-18!

Link to the webpage: "The 1678 Komusō-ha Oboe"




That Fundamentally Fantastic, Fairytale-like Flute - with the Forged Faith and that Funnily Falsified "Filosophy" ...


Significant Friendly International Collaborations

Ms. Kiku Day who is now a longtime permanent resident of beautiful rural Mid-Western Denmark has been a dear snd very respected friend of mine for many years.

With her superb PhD degree in Ethnomusicology from SOAS in London, Kiku took the courageous steps and necessary initiatives to establish the European Shakuhachi Society while still acting prominently in the capacity as that very important community's most energetically event-making, inspirational chairperson.

Kiku Day     Kiku Day performing

Read much more here on Kiku's personal homepage


I am enthusiastically assisting and supporting Kiku Day in preparing for the forthcoming ESS Summer School 2017 to be taking place in Vejle, Jutland, Denmark.




The European Shakuhachi Society - founded by Kiku Day in January, 2008

European Shakuhachi Society

Click here to link to the European Shakuhachi Society's official homepage


July 2017: ESS Shakuhachi Summer School in Vejle, Mid-Western Denmark



In 2003, Mr. Monty H. Levenson of Tai Hei Shakuhachi in Willits, N. California, USA, generously printed and published my Kaidō honsoku,
海道本則, MA thesis (1987) - still available from www.shakuhachi.com.

You may click in the photos to study a presentation of the publication:

Tai Hei Shakuhachi hanko    Monty H. Levenson    Kaidō honsoku edition cover

I am the very happy and grateful owner of several exquisite professional shakuhachi flutes of Monty H. Levenson's unique making


Read more about Monty H. Levenson on the web page "The West", entry "1970".



Mr. Ronald Nelson, president of the International Shakuhachi Society (ISS, at www.komuso.com) has supplied to me both numerous scannings of essential rare Japanese texts and, not least, most valuable photos of his taken in the "Komusō Room" of the Matsudo City Museum in NW Chiba and at the Tokyo National Museum.

Please do visit the outstanding art photographer's no less than breathtakingly amazing picture website and appreciate his numerous photos from the trips of his all over East and South Asia - and elsewhere:

Monty H. Levenson

Link to the "Ronald Nelson Photography" homepage


Photo: Japanese tōrii gate. Source: Ronald Nelson's personal Facebook page.




Mr. Kishi Kiyokazu, 貴志清一, Japan, has contributed prominently with so far two very important historical Fuke Shakuhachi texts/documents generously made readable here in modern Japanese, transcribed from the Kanbun and classical Japanese originals, respectively.

Kishi Kiyokazu

Kishi Kiyokazu

Do visit Mr. Kishi's comprehensive and impressive Japanese website via this link:

Link to 尺八吹奏研究会HP - The Shakuhachi Performance Research Society HomePage edited by Kishi Kiyokazu

Links to recent 2016 updates on the homepage can be found page bottom on this newly updated web page:

Link to The January 11, 1678 Komusō-ha Oboe-gaki web page

Kishi Kiyokazu's fine work on Hisamatsu Fuyō's Hitori mondō dated 1823 can be appreciated here:

Link to the 1823 Hitori mondō webpage





Ozawa Seizan Myōan 1.8 shakuhachi

1.8 Myōan Taizan-ha shakuhachi made by Ozawa Seizan, 1939-2012


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Mukuteki suizen

"Mukuteki suizen"

Signed by
Myōan Taizan
(No date)